Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the United States. It is estimated to affect almost one in every fifty adults. Glaucoma, in most cases, will cause vision to slowly deteriorate over time, going unnoticed by the patient until irreversible damage has been caused. Because of this, it is extremely important to schedule routine eye exams with Comprehensive EyeCare Center in the greater Columbus, OH, area. Luckily, with modern day technology, it is easy to detect glaucoma before any damage is done, thus making treatment easier and more effective.
Glaucoma is a condition in which fluid builds up in the eye, causing elevated eye pressure to damage the optic nerve. Most patients, but not all, who have glaucoma have elevated eye pressure. If not dealt with in a timely manner, glaucoma results in irreversible damage to vision.
There are many forms of glaucoma, but they all have the same end result: permanent vision loss brought on by optic nerve damage. Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common form, and generally occurs after age 35. It develops slowly with no symptoms.
Risk factors for glaucoma:
- Family history of glaucoma
- Being over age 60
- Being African-American, making it eight times more likely
- Previous trauma to the eye
- Diseases affecting circulation
- Severe nearsightedness (myopia)
The most common treatment of glaucoma is a medication in the form of eye drops. Some patients cannot be treated with medication, and may require surgery. Glaucoma surgery is called a trabeculoplasty. During surgery, one of our Westerville, Ohio surgeons will use a laser to create small holes where the cornea and iris meet so that pressure is relieved in the eye. This surgery generally has a rapid recovery time and little discomfort.
Our qualified and experienced ophthalmologists can help diagnose and treat your glaucoma. Catching glaucoma in its early stages is very important, and will help you and our doctors in Westerville, Ohio to better manage it. If you notice any changes in your vision, or if you have elevated eye pressure, please make an appointment with us at Comprehensive EyeCare in Westerville.